美丽的西班牙女郎

by

This passage is adapted from Edith Wharton, originally published in 1911. Mattie Silver is Ethan’s household employee .

Mattie silver had lived under Ethan’s roof for a year, and from early morning till they met at supper he had frequent chance of seeing her; but no moment in her company were comparable to those when, her arms in his, and her light step flying to keep time with his long stride, they walked back through the night to the farm. He had taken to the girl from the first day, when her had driven over to the flats to meet her, and she had smiled and waved to him from the train, crying out, “You must be Ethan!” as she jumped down with her bundles, while he reflected, looking over her slight person:” She don’t look much on housework, but she ain’t a fretted, anyhow.” But it was not only that the coming to his house of a bit of hopeful young life was like the lightening of a fire on a cold hearth. The girl was more than the bright serviceable creature he had thought her. She had an eye to see and an ear to hear: he could show her things and tell her things and tell her things, and taste the bliss of feeling that all he imparted left long reverberations and echoes he could wake at will.

It was during their night walks back to the farm that he felt most intensely the sweetness of this communion. He had always been more sensitive than the people about him to the appeal of natural beauty. His unfinished studies had given form to this sensibility and even inhismunhappiest moments field and sky spoke to him with a deep and powerful persuasion. But hitherto the emotion had remained in him as a silent ache, veiling with sadness the beauty that evoke it. He did not even know whether anyone else in the world felt as he did, or whether he was the sole victim of this mournful privilege. Then he learned that one other spirit had trembled with the same touch of wonder: that at his side, living under his roof and eating his bread, was a creature to whom he could say:”That’s Orion down yonder…” or whom he could hold entranced before a ledge of granite thrusting up through the fern while he unrolled the huge panama a of the ice age, and the long dim stretches of succeeding time. When she said to him once:”It looks just as if it was painted!”it seemed to Ethan that the art of definition could go farther, and that words had at last been found to utter his secret soul…

As he stood in the darkness outside the church these memories came back with the poignancy of vanished things. Watching Mattie whirl down the floor from hand to hand he wondered how he could ever have thought that his dull talk interested her. To him, who was never gay but in her presence, her gaiety seemed plain proof of indifference. The face she lifted to her dancers was the same which, when she saw him, always looked like a window that has caught the sunset. He even noticed two or three gestures which, in his fatuity, he had thought she kept for him: a way of throwing her head back when she was amused, as if to taste her laugh before she let it out, and a trick of sinking her lids slowly when anything charmed or moved her.

1. Over the course of this passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the

A intensity of feeling a character has for another person to the character’so concern that that intensity is not reciprocated.

B ambivalence a character feels about his sensitive nature to the character’s recognition of the advantage of having profound emotions.

C reservations a character has about a person he has just met to a growing appreciation that character has of the person’s worth.

D value a character attaches to the wonders of the natural world to a rejection of that sort of beauty in favor of human artistry.

2. In the context of the passage, the author’s use of the phrase “her light step flying to keep time with his long stride”‘is primarily meant to convey the idea that

A Ethan and Mattie shared a powerful enthusiasm.

B Mattie strives to match the speed at which Ethan works.

C Mattie and Ethan playful compete with each other.

D Ethan walks at a pace that frustrate Mattie.

3 the description in the first paragraph indicates that what Ethan values most about Mattie is her

A fitness for farm labor

B vivacious youth

C Receptive nature

D freedom from worry

4.which choice provide the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A Line 1-6(Mattie…farm)

B Line 6-12(he had …anyhow)

C Line 12-14(but it…hearth)

D Line 15-19(she had…will)

5.the author includes the description of the sunset, the cloud, and the hemlock shadows primarily to

A suggest the peacefulness of the natural world.

B emphasize the acuteness of two character’s sensation.

C foreshadow the declining fortunes of two characters.

D offer a sense of how fleeting time can be.

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